Development of Slavery in 17th Century America

As the Southern colonies of the late 1600s grow and gain wealth from cash crops such as tobacco, indigo, rice, and sugar, land owners become increasingly concerned about finding the workers they need to keep their large plantations fully functional and profitable. By replacing indenture servants with slaves, instituting slave codes, and taking advantage of the triangular trade system, land owners are able to expand their labor force which ultimately helps the South sustain its economically valuable agricultural system.


  • Identify the economic reasons for the development of the plantation system, the growth of the slave trade, and the spread of slavery.
  • Describe the conditions and common practices aboard a typical slave ship bound for the middle passage?

The New England Colonies

The Pilgrims and the Puritans embarked on journeys to the New World with the goal of escaping religious persecution and the hope of establishing model religious communities. Unlike previous groups who had come before them, the Pilgrims and the Puritans were self-governing. This means they created amongst themselves the rules of law upon which everyone would abide.


  • Explain the role religion played in the establishment of the New England colonies.
  • Compare and contrast the political, economic, and social situation of the New England colonies to that of the Southern colonies. What similarities and differences exist?


Week 3 - Immersion
Week 3 - Discussion
Unit 1 Chapters