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Age of Exploration & the 13 Colonies Test
  • Monday [10/8] - 8B & 8D
  • Tuesday [10/9] - 8A & 8C

Terms, People, & Main Ideas

Week 1

Henry the Navigator
Christopher Columbus
Vasco da Gama
  1. What was the Age of Exploration? What reasons did European nations have for wanting to explore new worlds?
  2. Why did European leaders and explorers want to find a sailing trade route to Asia instead of continuing to use the overland trade route?
  3. Identify Prince Henry and explain his significance to the events of the world at his time.
  4. What technological inventions and improvements promoted the Age of Exploration?
  5. Identify Christopher Columbus and explain his significance to the events of the world at his time.

Week 2

joint-stock company
headright system
indentured servant
slave codes
Toleration Act of 1649
John Smith
Powhatan Confederacy
John Rolfe
James Oglethorpe
Nathaniel Bacon

  1. How did a joint-stock company work? What did the owners of the Virginia Company of London hope to achieve by financing the creation of a permanent settlement in Virginia?
  2. Identify the factors that contributed to the success/failure of early colonial settlements in the New World.
  3. Why did Nathaniel Bacon and a group of former indentured servants attack and burn Jamestown?
  4. What is the headright system? What was its significance?
  5. Compare and contrast each of the Southern colonies political, economic, religious, and social situations.
  6. What caused Southern colonists to favor slaves over indentured servants? Why did Southern colonists use slave codes?

Week 3

triangular trade route
middle passage
William Bradford
Mayflower Compact
General Court
John Winthrop
  1. What factors led to the development of slavery in the colonies?
  2. Describe the conditions and common practices aboard a typical slave ship bound for the middle passage?
  3. Explain the role religion and the church played in the establishment of the New England colonies and in daily colonial life.
  4. Why did New England colonists think education was especially important?
  5. Compare and contrast the political, economic, and social situation of the New England colonies to that of the Southern colonies. What similarities and differences exist?
  6. How do the reasons for colonial settlement in the New England colonies compare to the reasons for colonial settlement in the Southern colonies?
  7. Did the first colonists in New England suffer hardships and conflicts similar to those suffered by the people at Jamestown? What factors helped the Puritans succeed in establishing the Massachusetts Bay Colony?
  8. Who were the key members and leaders of the New England colonial communities? What do they have in common with other important colonial leaders such as John Smith, James Oglethorpe, or William Penn?
  9. How does New England's economic system differ from the Southern colonial economic system?

Week 4
Thomas Hooker
Roger Williams
Anne Hutchinson
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
  1. Identify the factors that caused people such as Thomas Hooker, Roger Williams, and Anne Hutchinson to leave the Massachusetts Bay Colony. What were the results?**

Week 7

William Penn
Society of Friends
First Frame of Government
staple crops
  1. How did William Penn's ideas influence the rules of the colony?
  2. What different types of jobs did slaves and women in the middle colonies hold?
  3. On what were the economies of the middle colonies based? How does it compare to the economies of the southern and New England colonies?


Unit 1 Chapters